A.B. Sociology, UC Berkeley; M.A. & Ph.D. Political Science, Stanford University
6. The European Union: Integration and Enlargement. Co-editor with Anand Menon and Jonathan Slapin. Routledge (2014), pp. 1-154.
5. Lessons From Europe? What Americans Can Learn from European Public Policies. Editor. CQ Press (2014), pp. 1-140.
4. The Power of the European Court of Justice. Co-editor with Susanne Schmidt. Routledge (2012), pp.1-150.
3. Eurolegalism: The Transformation of Law and Regulation in the European Union. Harvard University Press (2011), pp.1-366.
2. The Oxford Handbook of Law and Politics. Co-editor with Keith Whittington and Greg Caldeira, Oxford University Press (2008), pp.1-815.
1. The Rules of Federalism: Institutions and Regulatory Politics in the EU and Beyond. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, (2004), pp.1-244.
Articles in peer-reviewed political science journals
23. “Law, Focal Points and Fiscal Discipline in the United States and the European Union” with Terence Teo. American Political Science Review, 108, 2 (2014), pp.355-370.
22. “The European Union: Wider and Deeper? Introduction - Special Issue of the Journal of European Public Policy, with Anand Menon and Jonathan Slapin, 21,5 (2014), pp.643-646.
21. “Wider and Deeper? Enlargement and Integration in the European Union” with Anand Menon and Jonathan Slapin, Journal of European Public Policy, 21, 5, (2014), 647-663.
20. “Judicialization, Democracy and European Integration,” Representation, 49(3):295-308, Special Issue on Courts and Representative Democracy, (2013), pp.295-308.
19. “Eurolegalism and Democracy.” Journal of Common Market Studies 50 (S1), Annual Review, 50th Anniversary Special Issue, (2012), pp. 55–71.
18. “Introduction – the European Court of Justice and legal integration: perpetual momentum?” with Susanne Schmidt. Introduction to Special Issue of Journal of European Public Policy. Perpetual Momentum? Reconsidering the Power of the European Court of Justice. 19, 1 (2012), pp. 1-7.
17. “The Political Foundations of Judicial Independence in the European Union.” In Journal of European Public Policy 19, 1, (2012), pp. 43-58.
16. “The Political Foundations of the Eurocracy.” With Andrew Tarrant. West European Politics, 34, 5 (2011) pp. 922-947.
15. “Globalizing European Union environmental policy.” Journal of European Public Policy, 17, 3 (2010), pp.335-349.
14. “The Shift to the Rights Model of Disability in the EU and Canada.” With Lisa Vanhala, Regional and Federal Studies, 20, 1 (2010), pp. 1-18.
13. “Trading Places? The Role of the United States and the European Union in International Environmental Politics.” With David Vogel, Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 43, issue 4, 2010, pp. 427-456.
12. “The Americanisation of European law? Adversarial legalism à la européenne.” European Political Science, 7 (Spring 2008), pp. 32-42.
11. “The Study of Critical Junctures: Theory, Narrative and Counterfactuals in Historical Institutionalism” With Giovanni Capoccia, World Politics 59, 3 (2007), pp. 341-369.
10. “Shaming the Shameless? The constitutionalization of the European Union.” Journal of European Public Policy, 13, 8 (2006), pp. 1302-1307.
9. “New Modes of Governance, the Open Method of Coordination and other Fashionable Red Herring.” with Timo Idema. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 7, 1(2006), pp.108-23.
8. “Suing for Europe: Adversarial Legalism and European Governance.” Comparative Political Studies, 39, 1 (2006), pp.101-127.
7. “Lex Americana?” with Eric Sibbitt, International Organization 59, 2 (2005), pp. 463-472.
6. “The Globalization of American Law." with Eric Sibbitt. International Organization 58, 1 (2004), pp. 103-36.
5. “The Structure and Dynamics of EU Federalism.” Comparative Political Studies, 36, 1-2 (2003), pp. 184-208.
4. “The Politics of Eurocratic Structure: The New European Agencies.” West European Politics, 25, 4 (2002), pp. 93-118.
3."The Limits of Judicial Power: Trade-Environment Disputes in the GATT/WTO and the EU" Comparative Political Studies 34, 6 (2001), pp. 622-650.
2. "Regulatory Federalism: EU Environmental Policy in Comparative Perspective" Journal of Public Policy 20, 2 (2000), pp. 133-167.
1. “The European Court of Justice, National Governments and Legal Integration in the European Union” Co-authored with Geoffrey Garrett and Heiner Schulz. International Organization 52,1 (1998), pp. 149-176
Articles in Law Journals
5. “The United States, the European Union and International Environmental Law,” Co-authored with Tim Knievel, forthcoming, 2016 in I•CON: International Journal of Constitutional Law.
4. “The Court of Justice of the European Union in the Twenty-first Century”, article in International Courts in their Social and Political Context, a special issue of Law & Contemporary Problems, edited by Karen Alter, Laurence Helfer and Mikael Madsen, forthcoming 2015.
3. “Law, Fiscal Federalism and Austerity,” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, 22, 2 (2015), pp. 379-400.
2. "The European Union's Legitimacy: Administrative not constitutional, or Administrative then constitutional?" Columbia Journal of European Law, 18, 1(2012), pp. 157-164.
1. “The Americanization of Japanese Law” Co-authored with Eric Sibbitt. University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Economic Law 23 (2002), pp. 269-324.
Book Chapters and articles in non-peer reviewed journals
26. “Kagan’s Atlantic Crossing: Adversarial legalism, Eurolegalism and cooperative legalism in European regulatory style,” with Francesca Bignami. Chapter in The Politics of Legalism, edited by Tom Burke, Jeb Barnes and Malcolm Feeley, Routledge, forthcoming 2016.
25. The Impact of the CJEU on the European Law Enforcement Architecture,” Chapter for The Transformation of Enforcement, edited by Hans Micklitz and Andrea Wechsler, Hart Publishing, forthcoming 2015.
24. “Towards a New Constitutional Architecture in the European Union?” chapter for edited volume on, What Form of Government for the European Union and the Eurozone?, edited by Federico Fabbrini, forthcoming 2015.
23. “European States in Comparative Perspective,” Chapter for Oxford Handbook of Historical Institutionalism, Edited by Orfeo Fioretos, Tulia Falleti and Adam Sheingate, Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2015.
22. “EU Regulation,” Chapter for The Elgar Research Handbook on Comparative Law and Regulation, Edited by Francesca Bignami and David Zaring, Edward Elgar Press, forthcoming 2015.
21. “Selection, Appointment and Legitimacy: A Political Perspective” Chapter for Selecting Europe’s Judges, edited by Michal Bobek, Oxford University Press, 2015, pp. 244-258.
20. “Une gouvernance fédérale: mort et resurrection,” Pouvoirs, revue française d’études constitutionnelles et politiques , 2014, n. 149, pp. 135-149 – Special Issue - La gouvernance européene.
19. “Building the New European State? Federalism, Core State Powers and European Integration”, Chapter for Philip Genschel and Markus Jachtenfuchs, eds. Beyond the regulatory polity: The European integration of Core State Powers. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 211-229.
18. “Eurolegalism and the European Legal Field,” In Bruno de Witte and Antoine Vauchez eds., Lawyering in Europe, Hart Publishing, 2013, pp. 243-258.
17. "Talking about the European Court: Discourses of Judging in the European Union.” In Austin Sarat, ed., Special Issue: The Discourse of Judging (Studies in Law, Politics and Society, vol.58), Emerald Publishing Group Ltd., 2012, pp.139-157.
16. “European Union Agencies” Chapter for Oxford Handbook of the European Union, Erik Jones, Anand Menon and Stephen Weatherill, eds. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.
15. “Managing Europeanization: The European Agencies,” With Giandomenico Majone. Chapter for John Peterson & Michael Shackleton (eds.): The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press, 2012, pp.219-240.
14. “European Law and Politics,” Chapter for Europe Today, Ronald Tiersky and Erik Jones, eds. (with Saskia van Genugten). Roman and Littlefield, 2011, pp.351-370.
13. “Adversarial Legalism and Administrative Law in the European Union” Chapter in Comparative Administrative Law, Susan Rose-Ackerman & Peter Lindseth, eds. Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2010, pp.606-617.
12. “Globalizing EU Environmental Regulation.” European Studies Forum (Journal of the Council for European Studies) 37:2 (Autumn 2007), pp.12-16.
11. “The Politics of EC Regulation” with Anand Menon. In Better Regulation, edited by Stephen Weatherill, Hart Publishing, 2007, pp. 175-189.
10. “Built to Last? The Durability of EU Federalism.” In Making History: State of the European Union, Vol. 8, edited by Sophie Meunier and Kate McNamara, Oxford University Press, 2007, pp.51-66.
9. “Bringing Federalism Back In.” With Kalypso Nicolaidis. In Handbook on European Union Politics, edited by Mark Pollack and Ben Rosamund, Sage Press, 2007, pp. 301-316.
8. “Federalism and Democratization: The US and EU in Comparative Perspective.” In The US and EU in Comparative Perspective. In Martin Schain and Anand Menon, (eds.) Oxford University Press, (2006).
7. “The Politics of Eurocracy: Building a New European State?” In State of the European Union, (Vol. 7) With US or Against US? In Nicolas Jabko and Craig Parsons (eds.), Oxford University Press, (2005), pp.173-189.
6. “The Politics of Environmental Policy in the US and EU: Coercive Federalism?” In Martin Levin, Marc Landy and Martin Shapiro (eds),Trans-Atlantic Policymaking in an Age of Austerity, Georgetown University Press, (2004), pp.203-223.
5. "Globalization, Federalism and Regulation." In Dynamics of Regulatory Change: How Globalization Affects National Regulatory Policies, David Vogel and Robert Kagan, (eds). UC Press, (2004), pp. 269-297. (Previously published as Working Paper 2.76, Center for German and European Studies, UC Berkeley, May 2000, pp.1-39.)
4. "Environmental Federalism in the US and the EU." In Norman Vig and Michael Faure (eds), Green Giants? Environmental Policy of the United States and the European Union. MIT Press, (2004), pp.113-134.
3. "The EU Rights Revolution? Adversarial Legalism and European Integration" In Rachel Cichowski and Tanja Börzel (eds), State of the European Union, (Vol. 6) Law, Politics and Society. Oxford University Press, (2003), pp.221-234.
2. “The Single Market and EU Federalism.” In Craig Parsons (ed), Evolving Federalisms: The Intergovernmental Balance of Power in America and Europe. Campbell Public Affairs Institute, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, (2003), pp. 49-62.
1. “Environmental policy in the European Union: The struggle between the Court, Commission and Council?” In Brigitte Unger and Frans van Waarden (eds), Convergence or Diversity? Internationalization and Economic Policy Response. Avebury Press, (1995), pp.306-332.
Public Affairs Articles, Policy Papers and Op-Eds
23. “Party on, Tsipras,” with Alexandra Filindra, ForeignAffairs.com, 31 August 2015.
22. “Banking Union or Bust,” Al Jazeera America (america.aljazeera.com), 3 August 2015.
21. “Allegory of the Caving: A New Deal for Greece?” ForeignAffairs.com, 10 July 2015.
20. “EPP ♥ Orbán,” Politico, Europe Edition, Vol. 1(9), 18-24 June 2015, pp. 18-19.
19. “Europe Reborn: How to Save the European Union from Irrelevance,” with Matthias Matthijs, Foreign Affairs, 94,1 (2015), pp. 96-107.
18. “President for the People: Can Jean Claude Juncker Save the Union and Prevent a Brexit?” ForeignAffairs.com, 30 June 2014.
17. “A Union of Values?” published with Policy Network (www.policy-network.net – an International Think Tank based in London), 2 June 2014.
16. “Fight Club: When the EU’s Campaign Season Ends, the Real Political Battles Will Begin,” with Anand Menon, ForeignAffairs.com, 18 May 2014.
15. “The Euro goes to Court,” with Erik Jones, Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, 56, 2, April 2014, pp.15-23.
14. “Saving the Euro, Dividing the Union”, ForeignAffairs.com, 21 January 2013.
13. “Europe’s New Normal”, ForeignAffairs.com, 17 May 2012.
12. “European Union test case: stop Hungary from backsliding on democracy”, Christian Science Monitor, 25 January 2012.
11. "Why the EU, and euro, will survive", with Erik Jones, USA Today, 31 August 2011.
10. “Don’t believe the hype: EU will muddle through”, USA Today, 13 May 2010.
9. “Navel-gazing is not what’s wanted”, with Anand Menon, European Voice, 19 June 2008, p.9.
8. “EU hits a snag in Ireland”, Philadelphia Inquirer, 17 June 2008, p.A11.
7. “You thought we’ve got an EU Single Market? Think Again” With Anand Menon, Europe’s World, Summer 2007.
6. “Reforming deep before enlarging wide?” With Anand Menon, European Voice, Vol. 12, No. 30, 3 August 2006.
5. “Crisis? What Crisis?” With Anand Menon. Public Policy Research (Journal of the Institute for Public Policy Research, London), June-August 2006, pp.71-77.
4. “The European ‘Independent’ Agencies and Regulation in the EU.” CEPS Working Document 112. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, (1997), pp.1-25.
3. “The Institutional Balance: Formal and Informal Change” Co-authored with Mitchell P. Smith. CEPS Working Document 111, Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, (1997), pp.1-30.
2. “EU Climate Change Policy and Energy Conservation: Priority Policies in the Light of Kyoto and Beyond” Co-authored with Antonia Carzaniga and Christian Egenhofer. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, (1997), pp.1-30.
1. “Independent Regulatory Agencies for Europe?” CEPS Review, N.2. Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies, (1997), pp.1-9.
2. Review of David Vogel. The Politics of Precaution: Regulating Health, Safety, and Environmental Risks in Europe and the United States (Princeton University Press, 2012), in Regulation & Governance 7(2) 2013, pp. 266-270.
1. Review of Leslie Friedman Goldstein. Constituting Federal Sovereignty (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001) in Journal of Politics, 65(2), 2003.
This paper places the EU's struggles with democratic deficits in its member states in comparative perspective, drawing on the experience of other democracies - including Mexico, to Argentina, to the United States in the era of the "Solid South" - which have struggled with pockets of subnational authoritarianism. Comparative analysis suggests that legal levers alone are unlikely to safeguard democracy at the subnational (or in EU's case, national) level: so long as political leaders are willing to put partisan interests above democratic values, they may allow local pockets of autocracy to persist for decades within otherwise democratic political systems.
Lessons from Europe? Political Science 290
European Politics, Political Science 311
European Union Law & Politics, Political Science 395
Approaches to Comparative Political Analysis, Political Science 503